Friday, May 15, 2020

Saturday, April 18, 2020

The Steam Turbine, Classification Of Steam Turbine And How It Works?


steam turbine.https://techproces.com/
Steam Turbine.https://techproces.com/

The turbine is a mechanical device or mechanical mechanism that converts thermal energy to mechanical/kinetic energy. In Petrochemicals, Chemicals, Power Generation, Ammonia, Oil and Gas, Manufacturing Industries, the steam turbine is used as the driving system or driver. Such as a steam turbine used to drive a  power generator in the power plant.

# Purposes Of Steam Turbine:

01. In industry, the steam turbine is used as the driving system or driver. Its drive Compressor, Pump, Blower, Fan, Generator, etc. 

02. The steam turbine is used to generating electricity at a power plant.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Types Of PPE.

PPE.https://techproces.com/


The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is primarily designed to protect workers at work or in the workplace from various hazards such as Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Physical, Electrical, Mechanical are other workplace hazards of injury or illness.

The use of Personal Protective Equipment(PPE) depends on what kind of user works and what type of risk the user is in. Such as an electrician using his workable Personal Protective Equipment(PPE), again using a doctor's PPE, where the electrician and the doctor are free to work. Doctors are trying to prevent and control the current Coronavirus(COVID-19), only to ensure that 100% of Personal Protective Equipment(PPE) is available to physicians only if they can play a leading role in treating coronavirus patients.

READ MORE:- https://techproces.com/personal-protective-equipment-ppe-types-of-ppe/

What Is Filter? Types Of Filters.

A filter is a mechanical device that separates solids from liquids and gases, this method is called filtration, and the device by which this method is performed is called a filter.

The process in which the filter is regenerated is called the backwash and the backwash is done by high-velocity water or high-velocity air from reverse to the filter.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Saturday, March 14, 2020

What Is Rupture Disc, How It Work?

Rupture Disc

Rupture Disc is a special type of pressure relief device used to protect various equipment from the effects of overpressure. The Rupture Disc automatically burst at a certain predetermined pressure. The rupture disk, also known as a pressure safety discburst discbursting disc, or burst diaphragm. 

READ MORE PLEASE VISIT:-  https://techproces.com/what-is-rupture-disc-how-it-work/

Source File:

01.  wikipedia

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Let's know about general pipe fittings commonly needed in the industry.

The components used to create the pipeline network are called pipe fittings. Such as- socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, etc.

#Flange;- The flange is a metal disc that has a borehole in the center, to hold a pipe and it has at least four boltholes around the borehole. It is used to attach two pipes by welding, brazing or tread at the ends of the pipe.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Socket;- Inside the sockets are internally threaded, which is used for joint two pipelines straightly.  Reducing socket is used if two pipelines diameter is different.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Union Socket;- Union socket is used to like a socket. Two pipelines are used to attach straight to the long pipeline network, they facilitate during maintenance work. Therefore, union socket is sometimes installed in pipeline fabrication instead of a socket.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Reducer;- Reducers are used to connect two different diameters of pipes to reduce fluid mass.  

Two types of reducers are;- 
 01. Concentric reducer and 
 02. Eccentric reducers.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#90-Degree Elbow;- 90-Degree Elbow is used to make the pipeline 90 degrees angle.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Bend;- Bend also used to bend the pipeline to a 90-degree angle, but the band's arc radius is larger than the Elbow, so the friction loss here is less.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.

#T-joint;- T-joints are used to create a single branch line at a 90-degree angle from the mainline of the pipe.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Cross Joint;- Cross Joint used to create a reverse branch line at a 90-degree angle from the mainline of the pipeline.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Expansion joint;- Expansion joints are used to absorb the thermal contraction and expansion of the pipeline. Expansion drops everywhere that are unrealistic and ineffective.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.

            Tech Process



#Cap & Plug;- Caps and plugs are used to temporarily close the edges of the pipeline.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Hexagonal Nipple;- The hexagonal Nipple is used to connect two internal threaded pipe fittings. For maintenance work used to the pipe range, this has a hexagonal on the edges.

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.


#Nuts and Bolt;- Nuts and bolts are used to joint in the flange of the two pipes.
https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ socket, T-joint, Flange, Union socket, Elbow, Bend, pipe fittings,  the industry. piping, pipeline, pipe network.

Source of the Article;- 

oil-and-gas,

 Karim-Ahmed,

Monday, February 3, 2020

What Is Steam Traps?

# Steam Traps:- 
The steam traps are a mechanical device, which automatically allows to ejects non-condensable gases and steam condensate from the steam system, but does not allow live steam to emit from the steam system. Most of the steam traps are nothing more than automatic valves. They open, close or modulate automatically.

#Types of Steam Traps:-

(a). Mechanical steam traps:-

-Flot control steam traps (0 to 10 bar).

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ A blog about knowledge of Chemical Process Technology And Oil And Gas Industries.
Flot control steam traps (0 to 10 bar


(b). Thermostatic Steam Traps:-

-Bellows type Steam Traps (0 to 12 bar).
https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ A blog about knowledge of Chemical Process Technology And Oil And Gas Industries.
Bellows type Steam Traps

-By Metallic Steam Traps (0 to 20 bar).
https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ A blog about knowledge of Chemical Process Technology And Oil And Gas Industries.
By Metallic Steam Traps

(c). Thermo Dynamic Steam Traps:-

- Disc Type Steam Traps (0.25 to 120 bar).
https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ A blog about knowledge of Chemical Process Technology And Oil And Gas Industries.
Disc Type Steam Traps

- Impulse type Steam Traps (0.25 to 120 bar). 

https://tecprocess.blogspot.com/ A blog about knowledge of Chemical Process Technology And Oil And Gas Industries.
Impulse type Steam Traps

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

What is Fire Point, Smoke Point, Freezing Point, Dew Point, Flash Point, Pour Point, Boiling Point, Bubble Point?

#Fire Point:- 

The lowest temperature at which the vapor of that fuel will continue to burn for at least 5 seconds after ignition by an open flame.



#Smoke Point:- 

The temperature at which, under specific and defined conditions, an oil begins to produce a continuous bluish smoke that becomes clearly visible.






#Freezing Point:- 

The temperature at which water changes phase from a liquid to a solid.




# Dew Point:- 

The temperature at which air is saturated with water vapor.







# Flash Point:- 

The lowest temperature at which enough fluid can evaporate to form a combustible concentration of gas.




#Pour Point:-

The lowest temperature at which the oil will pour or flow when it is cooled without stirring.





#Boiling Point:- 

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the pressure of the atmosphere on the liquid.





#Bubble Point:- 

The temperature where the first bubble of vapor is formed when heating a liquid consisting of two or more components.




What is Critical Point,Surge point,Yield point,Aniline point,Triple Point,Melting Point,Auto ignition Point?

#Critical Point:- 

A point on a phase the diagram at which both the liquid and gas phases of a substance have the same density, and are therefore indistinguishable.




# Surge point:- 


( For Rotating Equipments) , the peak point at the Performance Curve of the Centrifugal Compressors where the flow reversed back through compressors blades. 




# Yield point:- 

In mechanical engineering, the load at which a solid material that is being stretched begins to flow, or change shape permanently.




# Aniline point:- 

The lowest temperature at which aniline and a solvent (as gasoline) are completely miscible and which serves as an indication of the type of hydrocarbons present in the solvent, the content of aromatics being higher according to as the temperature is lower.





# Triple Point:- 

The temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. 






#Melting “ Liquification “ Point:- 


The temperature at which it changes the state of the material from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure. 







#Autoignition “Kindling“ Point:-

The lowest temperature at which it spontaneously ignites in a normal atmosphere without an external source of ignition.


Saturday, December 21, 2019

Types Of Control Valve.


#Control valve has 3 basic Components:



01. Actuator Most actuators are pneumatic. Usually, an actuator works with the help of a diaphragm and instrument air. This is the device that positions the throttling element (i.e., the valve plug inside the valve body).
02. Valve body subassembly This is the part where the valve plug, valve seats, and valve casing are located.
03. Accessories These include positioners, I/P (current- to-pressure) transducers, and position sensors. 

#2 types of control valves are based on their motion:-
01. Linear-Motion valves as- A- Gate Valves.
                                                 B- Diaphragm Valves.
                                                 C- Globe Valves.
02. Rotary Motion valves as- A- Butterfly Valves. 
                                                 B- Ball Valves.
                                                 C- Plug Valves.

#The Control Valve Actuator accepts a signal from an external source and, in response, positions (opens or closes) the valve to the position required or designed. Control Valve actuators enable remote operation of control valves.

#Actuators can be moved into position by either: 
01. Hydraulic signal,
02. Air/Gas signals or,
03. Electric signals.

#Typical control valve position commands include:
01. More Closed,
02. More Open,
03. Fully closed and
04. Fully Open.

#According to the power supply required 3 Types of CVs:-
1️⃣ Pneumatic valve actuators.
2️⃣ Electric valve actuators.
3️⃣ Hydraulic valve actuators.

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Bearing And Different Types Of Bearing.

Let's know about what is bearing, which knowledge can make it easy to operate at chemical, petrochemicals or any other processing plant.

A bearing is a mechanical element which allows motion between two rotating parts, with minimum friction. An example of such rotating parts is a shaft and its housing. 

The function of bearing A good bearing is expected to do the following functions. 
=It should ensure free rotation with minimum friction. 
=It should support rotating parts and maintain them in the correct position.
=Bearing should transmit the forces acting on rotating parts to the frame of the machine.

Different types of bearing:
*Deep Groove ball bearing.
Deep Groove ball bearing
Deep Groove ball bearing

*Angular contact ball bearing.
Angular contact ball bearing

*Self-aligning ball bearing.

*Cylindrical roller bearing.

*Tapper roller bearing.

*Spherical roller bearing.

*Cylindrical plain bearing.

*Split type plain bearing.

*Tilting pad type plain bearing.